Join Becky’s 30 day December Square Challenge. It’s simple. Photos must be square and must be related to time, literally or figuratively. Day 13
As some of you may know from old posts, I am non religious but I love old churches and religious art and objects. Three churches have stood out for me in the last two days and all are quite different.
Catholicism played a big role in both the development and the expansion of Portuguese culture. It has only been since the 1970s, and the end of a long term dictatorship, that church and state were finally separated.
I’ll start with my favorite so far.
Unremarkable on the outside, the mid-16th century Church of St. Roch is an explosion of gold on the inside. While the simple floorplan follows the Jesuit auditorium-church plan, the interior decoration is flamboyant Baroque.
The single nave has a flat wooden ceiling with false domes painted on it. Eight side chapels line the nave.
The Chapel of St John the Baptist, ordered by King Juan V in 1540, was constructed in Rome, blessed by the pope, then disassembled and shipped to Lisbon on three ships. It was said to be the most expensive chapel ever built at the time.
The three large paintings are actually micromosaic copies of paintings. The altar frony is lapis lazuli. Most of the altar decorations are gold or gilt silver or bronze.
Many of the valuable or fragile altar good and vestments made for use in the chapel are now housed in the museum adjoining the church.
The other seven side chapels are also splendid, and gold leaf predominates.
Chapel of Our Lady of Piety.
Chapel of Our Lady of the Doctrine
Gold, diamond and amethyst item in museum.
Built between 1862 and 1875, the Palais Garnier is considered one of the world’s most beautiful opera houses. Designed by Charles Garnier for Napoleon III, it set the standard for other theaters. The auditorium was closed for rehearsal when we were there but the rest of the theater is well worth a visit.
The Grand Foyer with paintings showing the history of music.
The Moon Room with its infinity mirrors.
Looking up from the Grand Staircase.