Tuesday Photo Challenge: Bird

Bird House

Roman mosaic tile floor, House of the Birds, 2nd-century, Italica, Spain

Italica, a Roman colony in western Andalusia, was founded in 206 BCE as a settlement for Roman soldiers. Italica rose to prominence in the 1st- and 2nd-centuries, during the reigns of the Roman Emperors Trajan and Hadrian, both of whom were born in Italica. Several 2nd-century houses, with elaborate mosaic floors, have been excavated in the Hadrianic city (new city). The floor in the House of the Bird Mosaic consists of 35 small squares, each containing a different bird, surrounding a larger, central scene. According to our tour guide, the center square was stolen.  Because it was never built over, this elite quarter is unusually well-preserved, with  remains of spacious houses, cobbled streets, an aqueduct, and a sewer/drainage system. Portions of the drains can still be seen.


Join Frank’s Tuesday Photo Challenge: Bird

Black & White Sunday: After and Before

Roman Nude

Nude statue along the avenue in Italica, a Roman settlement in Andalusia.

Join Paula’s Black & White Sunday: After and Before

CFFC: Hallway


Vaulted passageway (vomitorium) under the Roman amphitheater at Italica, Spain

A vomitorium is a passage for entry or exit into a Roman amphitheater or theater. When it was built, Italica’s amphitheatre was the third largest in the Roman Empire. It seated 25,000 spectators, about half as many as the Colosseum in Rome, although the city had a population of only about 8,000. Much of the stone from the upper portion of the amphitheater was “mined” for construction in or near Seville. Italic was founded in 206 BC for Roman veterans of the Second Punic Wars against Hannibal and the Carthaginians. Both Emperors Trajan and Hadrian were born here.

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Italica, the ruins of a Roman City in Spain

Founded in the 2nd century BC by Scipio, Italica was the first Roman settlement in Spain. It’s amphitheater, which seated 25,000, has served as a quarry for later structures, with little of its original marble surface still in place. Many of the pillars in the mosque in Cordoba came from Italica.

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