CB&WC: Walls

Gods, Pharaohs, and Hieroglyphs

Intersecting walls at Edfu Temple, Edfu, Egypt

King Ptolemy VIII making an offering to the Goddess Hathor and the God Horus. Relief carving on the wall of the ambulatory surrounding the sanctuary of the Temple of Edfu. Construction of the temple began in 237 BCE and continued until about 57 BCE.  The architecture combines traditional Egyptian elements with Greek influences. It is dedicated to the cult of a triad of Gods: Horus of Behdet, his wife Hathor and their son, Hor-Sama-Tawy.

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Waving for Baksheesh

Waving For Baksheesh

Kom Ombo Temple, Egypt

On the east bank of the Nile, just north of Aswan, Kom Ombo’s Greco-Roman temple was originally built between 205-180 BCE, during the reign of King Ptolemy V.  A large portion of the temple, including the hypostyle hall where this picture was taken, was constructed between 81-96 BCE, during the reign of the Roman Emperor Tiberius.  The temple is dedicated to the the crocodile god Sobek and the falcon god Horus.

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WPC: Silence

Silence of the Gods

Hypostyle Hall, Temple at Edfu, Egypt

Edfu is one of the best preserved temples in Egypt. It is dedicated to the falcon god Horus and was built in the Ptolemaic period between 237 and 57 BC.

WPC: Silence

Tuesday Photo Challenge: Message

Myth and Message

Hieroglyphics, Temple of Edfu, Egypt

The Temple of Edfu, on the west bank of the Nile, is dedicated to the falcon god Horus. It is one of the best preserved ancient Egyptian temples and the 2nd largest after the Temple of Karnak in Luxor. It was constructed in the Ptolemaic period between 237 and 57 BC.  Intricate inscriptions on the walls include information on many aspects of  culture, myth and religion during the Greco-Roman period in ancient Egypt.

An ongoing Edfu project to publish and translate the texts of Edfu is currently (since 2002) run by the Göttingen Academy of Sciences and Humanities in Göttingen, Germany.  Their Edfu Project website describes the temple and discusses the importance of the Edfu texts.

“Regarding amount and content, the inscriptions that cover the walls of the Temple of Edfu are among the most important sources on Ptolemaic Egypt. They offer a wealth of information, mainly about religion, but also about political history, administration and other topics. Since some of the Edfu inscriptions transmit ideas that come from the eldest epochs of pharaonic history, they are often consulted as an aid in understanding older sources. Thus, religious concepts of pharaonic Egypt cannot be properly understood without interpreting the texts of Edfu. As a whole, the Edfu inscriptions can be taken as a compendium of Egyptian religious thought.”

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