Color Your World 2018: 120 Days of Crayola – Turquoise

Winged Sun

Ceiling painting, Temple at Medinet Habu, Egypt

Section of painted ceiling from the Mortuary Temple of Ramses III at Medinet Habu. Ramses III reigned from 1186–1155 BC. Some consider him the last great Pharaoh. The temple, one of the largest memorial temples in Egypt, is on the west bank of the Nile, near Luxor.  Some interior room walls and ceilings have retained sections of painted stucco. The winged disk is a symbol of the sun god and is found in various forms throughout Egyptian and Near Eastern art.  It is associated with divinity, royalty and power.

Join Jennifer’s Color Your World 2018: 120 Days of Crayola, a 4 month (January 1, 2018 to April 30, 2018) blogging challenge event. Each day has a new color theme based on a past or current crayon color in Crayola’s box of 120 crayons.

Color Your World 2018: 120 Days of Crayola – Yellow Orange

Yellow Orange Glow

Statue of the God Amun and his wife the Goddess Mut, Luxor, Egypt

Statue of the God Amun and his wife the Goddess Mut in the Temple at Luxor, Egypt. Amun and Mut were two gods in the Theban Triad, a cult of the Royal Ka, to whom the temple was dedicated.  Their son Khonsu was the third god in the triad. Thebes (which lies under the modern city of Luxor) was the capital of Egypt during much of the New Kingdom (c. 1550–1050 BCE). Due to its importance as both a religious and urban center, Thebes became the home to many of ancient Egypt’s most famous monuments. It encompassed both the city of Thebes on east bank of the Nile as well as the Valley of Kings and the Valley of Queens on the west bank of the Nile. Thebes was the home of the god Amun.

Join Jennifer’s Color Your World 2018: 120 Days of Crayola, a 4 month (January 1, 2018 to April 30, 2018) blogging challenge event. Each day has a new color theme based on a past or current crayon color in Crayola’s box of 120 crayons.

CB&WC: Fences and Gates

Gateway to the Gods

Pylon Gates, Temple at Luxor, Egypt

Founded about 1400 BC, the Luxor Temple complex overlooks the east bank of the Nile River. During the Middle Kingdom, beginning about 1990 BC, Thebes (Luxor) became the capital of Egypt. Luxor Temple is one of several temple and mortuary complexes in the area.  The complex is the work of several New Kingdom pharaohs:  Amenhotep III (1390-52 BC), Tutankhamun (1336-27 BC), Horemheb (1323-1295 BC) and Ramesses II (1279-13 BC). Ramesses (also known as Ramesses the Great) added the pylon gate and the huge statues of himself. One of an original pair of obelisk recording his deeds flanks the left side of the gate. The matching pink granite obelisk is in the Place de la Concorde in Paris, France. Over time, with the decline of the ancient Egyptian power, capture and ransacking by rival armies, and the growth of population, the temple complex became surround by and finally overtaken by the city of Luxor. Centuries of rubble, buildings, and sand buried three-quarters of the sandstone structures by the time excavations began in 1884. Conservation, excavations, and restoration continue. The middle statue of Ramesses II on the right has only recently been reassembled and placed in its original site.

Luxor Temple had been an active religious site for over 3,000 years. Theories differ on the original function of the temple. Originally it was thought to be  dedicated to the Theban Triad of Amun, Mut and their son Khonsu. More recently, it has been suggested that the temple was a sanctuary dedicated to divine kingship. The focus may have changed over time. During the period of Roman rule, it was a center for the Roman emperor cult. Following the introduction of Christianity to Egypt in the first century AD, sections were used as a Christian church. Later, a 13th-century mosque was built inside the temple. When excavations and removal of buildings began, the mosque, which is still active, was preserved.

Join Cee’s Black & White Photo Challenge: Fences and Gates 

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